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  • Flow Dynamics in Previously Treated AVM's

    Final Number:
    327

    Authors:
    Vernard S Fennell MD; Nikolay L. Martirosyan MD; G. Michael Lemole MD; Travis Michael Dumont MD

    Study Design:
    Other

    Subject Category:
    Vascular Malformations

    Meeting: AANS/CNS Cerebrovascular Section 2016 Annual Meeting

    Introduction: Intracerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVM’s) are a complex pathology. Of AVM’s that do not present with hemorrhage, treatment strategies are often predicated on reducing risk of hemorrhage and minimizing morbidity. Outcomes are often a result of the efficacy of the selected treatment. Radiosurgical treatment of certain AVM’s can have incomplete rates of obliteration and may also have minimal effect on the presenting, non-hemorrhagic, symptomology. Restriction of venous outflow can be associated with much of the presentation and treatment morbidity associated with intracerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVM’s).

    Methods: We reviewed the surgical treatment of 2 cases of initially radiosurgically treated AVM’s in patients that exhibited primary clinical symptom of headache and persisted after radiosurgical treatment and whose symptoms abated after subsequent microsurgical resection. Intraoperative observations were reviewed and evaluated.

    Results: Intraoperative indocyanine green angiography, represented with what appeared to be competitive outflow between the AVM nidus and the existing venous architecture. Flow was restored to normal once the AVM was micro surgically resected.

    Conclusions: Venous outflow obstruction is likely to be a sizable contributive factor in occipital AVM’s that present with headache and symptoms of intracranial hypertension. These high flow lesions may be sub-optimally responsive to stereotactic radiosurgery. Microsurgical resection, with or without adjunctive endovascular embolization should be considered as an initial and definitive treatment strategy. Optimal outcomes may be achieved in patients with an anatomically correlated visual deficit

    Patient Care: Potentially improve the diagnosis and treatment of occipital avm's

    Learning Objectives: Understand the flow dynamics related to partially treated occipital AVM's

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