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  • Oblique Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion (OLLIF): A Comparative Study of Perioperative and Clinical Outcomes

    Final Number:

    Hamid Reza Abbasi MD PhD; Ali Abbasi

    Study Design:
    Clinical Trial

    Subject Category:

    Meeting: Congress of Neurological Surgeons 2017 Annual Meeting

    Introduction: Minimally Invasive (MI) fusions of the lumbar spine are associated with lower complication rates and improved outcomes relative to their open equivalents, but have not gained widespread acceptance in part because they are technically challenging procedures. Oblique Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion (OLLIF) is a new MI fusion of the lumbar spine that is technically straightforward because it does not require direct visualization. In OLLIF the disk space is approached through Kambin’s triangle guided by electrophysiological monitoring and biplanar fluoroscopic imaging. Unlike other MI fusions, OLLIF does not require facetectomy or laminectomy.

    Methods: This is a retrospective chart review of perioperative outcomes and technical notes from 292 OLLIF surgeries on 538 levels with a control group of 58 open Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusions (TLIFs) on 153 levels, all performed by the same surgeon. We also collected fusion rates and patient reported outcomes on the oswestry disability index (ODI) one-year post-surgery for the OLLIF group. Kambin's Triangle can easily be located as a silent window with an electrophysiological probe. Discectomy is performed through a single access portal with a 10 mm diameter. After a discectomy, the disc space is packed with beta-tricalcium phosphate soaked in autologous bone marrow, aspirated, and the cage is inserted. Finally, a minimally invasive posterior fixation is performed.

    Results: OLLIF cuts surgery times and hospital-stay in half relative to TLIF (59/132min, 4.7/2.3days respectively) and reduces blood loss by over 87% (355/44ml). OLLIF patients report significant improvements on the ODI. OLLIF is a straightforward procedure with a steep learning curve for the surgeon. OLLIF can be adapted to correct spinal deformities like scoliosis and for fusions of the thoracic spine.

    Conclusions: OLLIF is a MI fusion of the lumbar spine that is safe, effective and technically less demanding than comparable procedures. OLLIF has the potential to improve clinical outcomes relative to the current standard of care.

    Patient Care: OLLIF has the potential to improve clinical outcomes relative to the current standard of care.

    Learning Objectives: Oblique lumbar lateral interbody fusion (OLLIF) is a superior technique for fusion of the lumbar spine that overcomes the complications of other MIS procedures. Outcome measures include patient demographics, reported outcomes, and surgical outcomes.

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