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  • Localizing seizure-susceptible brain regions in low-grade gliomas using voxel-based lesion–symptom mapping

    Final Number:
    462

    Authors:
    Clark C. Chen MD PhD; Tao Jiang; CGGA Consortium

    Study Design:
    Other

    Subject Category:

    Meeting: Congress of Neurological Surgeons 2014 Annual Meeting

    Introduction: Patients afflicted with Low-grade gliomas (LGG) frequently suffer fromepileptic seizures. The mechanisms of epileptogenesis in these patients remain poorly understood.

    Methods: We present the first study to use a voxel-wise quantitative lesion analysis to investigate the spatial correlation between tumor location and seizure susceptibility. We prospectively collected the medical records and MR images of 410 LGG patients. The data set is divided into a discovery set (n=231) and a validation set (n=179) based on the hositals where the patients were treated. Voxel-based lesion–symptom correlative analysis was performed to determine whether tumor location associate with seizure risk based on the specific type of seizure (simple partial seizure, complex partial, and seizures with secondary generalization).

    Results: For all seizure types, increased seizure risks were identified for low-grade gliomas involving the left frontal pre-motor area. By seizure type, the LGGs involving the left inferior frontal gyrus were associated with increased risk of simple partial seizures. LGG involving the right temporal-insular region are associated with increased risk of complex partial seizure. LGG involving the left superior frontal lobe were more likely associated with seizures that secondarily generalize. These correlations were consistently observed in both the discovery and the validation data sets.

    Conclusions: Our quantitative neuroimaging analyses support the notion that anatomical location of LGG is contributing factor in tumor-related epilepsy.

    Patient Care: Seizure prophylaxis for LGG located in regions of high seizure risk warrants consideration.

    Learning Objectives: Understand the anatomic basis for seizure risk in patients

    References: Bates, E., Wilson, S. M., Saygin, A. P., Dick, F., Sereno, M. I., Knight, R. T., & Dronkers, N. F. (2003).Voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping. Nat Neurosci, 6(5), 448-450. doi: 10.1038/nn1050 Chang, E. F., Potts, M. B., Keles, G. E., Lamborn, K. R., Chang, S. M., Barbaro, N. M., & Berger, M. S.(2008). Seizure characteristics and control following resection in 332 patients with low-grade gliomas. J Neurosurg, 108(2), 227-235. doi: 10.3171/JNS/2008/108/2/0227 de Groot, M., Reijneveld, J. C., Aronica, E., & Heimans, J. J. (2012). Epilepsy in patients with a brain tumour: focal epilepsy requires focused treatment. Brain, 135(Pt 4), 1002-1016. doi: 10.1093/brain/awr310

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