Introduction: To analyze, compare and present the effectiveness of Single burrhole with closed external drainage system vs Double burrhole with closed external drainage system in the treatment of chronic SDH
Methods: In our series, we had 286 cases of chronic SDH from June 2004 to December 2012. Single burrhole or double burrhole with subdural drain connected to closed external drainage system was done for 230 cases. This treatment was offered to patients with CT brain study showing chronic SDH, without septations, without multiple membranes and without acute clots. Remaining 56 cases which don’t meet the above criteria were treated with craniotomy and drainage of hematoma and removal of membranes. Out of 230 patients 54 were bilateral SDH, 176 Unilateral SDH. Single burr hole surgery done in 133 cases and double burr hole surgery in 97 cases.
Results: More than 75%Radiological reduction of SDH in post-operative CT brain at 48 -72 hrs. was 97.75% for single burrhole surgery and 92.8% for double burrhole surgery. On comparison, single burrhole surgery v/s double burrhole surgery, post-operative pneumocephalus was found in 5.3% v/s 11.34%, fresh acute SDH seen in 4.5% v/s 9.3%. Recollection of SDH with second evacuation surgery within 3 months of first surgery was 3.76% for single burrhole surgery and 13.4% for double burrhole surgery
Conclusions: Single burrhole with subdural drain offers better results on comparison with double burrhole surgery with subdural drain in the surgical treatment of chronic SDH without septations, multiple membranes and acute clots.
Patient Care: This study will identify the effective method among the described two modalities of surgical management for Chronic SDH
Learning Objectives: By the conclusion of this session, participants should be able to describe the importance of single and double burrhole with subdural drain system in the management of chronic subdural hematoma
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