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  • Supratentorial Gliomas in Eloquent Areas: Which Parameters can Predict Functional Outcomes and Extent of Resection?

    Final Number:

    Giannantonio Spena MD; Pier Paolo Panciani; Marco Maria Fontanella

    Study Design:
    Clinical Trial

    Subject Category:

    Meeting: Congress of Neurological Surgeons 2014 Annual Meeting

    Introduction: Few biological and morphological parameters have been found to date that can aid in patient selection and surgical strategy for eloquent area tumors.

    Methods: Retrospective, consecutive group of 70 patients harboring supratentorial gliomas in eloquent areas undergoing awake surgery. Parameters: neuroradiologica, functional, neurological, hystological. End-points: extent of resection (EOR) and functional short- and long-term outcome. ?2 analyses were used to evaluate parameters that could be predictive. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate the best combination to predict binary positive outcomes.

    Results: The EOR: total in 27 (38.5%), subtotal in 38 (54.2%),partial in 6 (8.5%). In 90%, subcortical stimulation was positive in the margins of the surgical cavity. Postoperatively, 51% of the patients worsened; 90% of the patients regained their preoperative neurological score. Factors affecting negatively EOR: volume, degree of subcortical infiltration, presence of paresis (P < 0.01). Sharp margins and cystic components favoured gross total resection (P < 0.01). Contrast enhancement (P < 0.02), higher grade (P <0.01), paresis (P < 0.01), and residual tumor in the cortex (p < 0.02) negatively affected long-term functional outcomes, whereas postoperative worsening could not be predict for any factor other than paresis. Subcortical responsiveness does not correlate to deterioration of functional status, both postoperatively (P < 0.08) and at follow-up (P < 0.042).

    Conclusions: We obtained 88% correct predictions for EOR using the type of margins, volume, symptoms, cystic components, type of infiltration into the white matter. For follow-up Rankin, 95% correct predictions using histology, infiltration of functional cortex, preoperative paresis. Indication for this aggressive surgery must be carefully balanced with the risk of definitive functional impairment especially in those patients with high-grade gliomas who present with deficits.

    Patient Care: Our work should help in cosidering different and multiple factors before choosing an awake surgery and direct mapping in patients with eloquent areas gliomas.

    Learning Objectives: By the conclusion of this section, partecipants should be able to: 1) to consider direct mapping and awake surgery as a fundamental technique to tret eloquent areas tumors; 2) to pay more attention to the subcortical infiltration of gliomas; 2) to consider tumor morphology as a factor influencing the EOR and functional outcome; 3) to carefully consider awake surgery and direct mapping in patients with highgrade gliomas in eloquent areas who are already symptomatic.

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