Introduction: Spacers placed between the lumbar spinous processes represent a promising surgical treatment alternative for a variety of spinal pathologies. They provide an unloading distractive force to the stenotic motion segment and have the potential to relieve the symptoms of degenerative disc diseases. We reviewed the complications and failure/reoperation rates in a series of 776 patients who underwent placement of seven different interspinous devices.
Methods: The medical records of patients who underwent placement of the Interspinous Device were retrospectively evaluated, and demographic information, diagnosis, and preoperative pain levels were recorded. Preoperative and postoperative clinical assessment of the patients were based on VAS scale. After a minimum of three years after IPD placement, information on long term outcomes was obtained from additional follow up or patient medical and radiological records.
Results: 776 patients affected by symptomatic single- or two-level segmental lumbar spine degenerative disease underwent placement of interspinous device. The complication rate was 11%. The ultimate failure rate requiring additional surgery was 23%.
Conclusions: The interspinous device is not a substitute for a more invasive three column fusion procedure in cases of major instability and sponylolisthesis. Overdistraction, poor bone density, poor patient selection may all be factors in the development of complications. Careful attention should be paid preoperatively to bone density, appropriate implant size and optimal patient selection.
Patient Care: Careful attention paid to patient selection and appropriate interspinous device and implant size may prevent complications and lower reoperation rates.
Learning Objectives: By the conclusion of this session, partecipants should be able to pay attention to the optimal patient selection, appropriate implant size and be aware of possible complications.
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2)Role of lumbar interspinous distraction on the neural elements. Alfieri A, Gazzeri R, Prell J, Scheller C, Rachinger J, Strauss C, Schwarz A.
Neurosurg Rev. 2012 2012 Oct;35(4):477-84