Introduction: The postoperative course of microvascular decompression (MVD) for hemifacial spasm (HFS) is variable, and the optimal time for assessing the results is unclear.
Methods: From April 1997 to October 2007, MVD for HFS was performed in 801 patients. Patients were divided into two groups (cured or failed) according to subjective patient assessments over a 3-year period. We analyzed patient characteristics and surgical findings to determine prognostic factors. Medical records were analyzed retrospectively over the 3-year follow-up period.
Results: Of the 801 patients who underwent surgery, 743 (92.8 %) appeared to be cured, 70 (8.7 %) had residual or recurrent spasms more than 1 year after surgery, 11 (1.3 %) had gradual improvement over 3 years, and 1 (0.1 %) had delayed improvement more than 3 years after surgery. Fifty-eight patients (7.2 %) had residual or recurrent spasms more than 3 years after surgery, of which 19 (2.4 %) had recurrence after initial relief. The mean time to spasm recurrence was 18.9 months. Intraoperative resolution of the lateral spread response (LSR) after decompression (p?=?0.048) and severe indentation (p?=?0.038) were significant predictors of good long-term outcome after MVD for HFS. In our series, 70 patients (8.7 %) had residual or recurrent spasms more than 1 year after surgery, of which 12 (17.1 %) improved gradually after 1 year.
Conclusions: If the surgeon can confirm intraoperative resolution of the LSR and severe indentation, reoperation can be delayed until 3 years after MVD.
Patient Care: Reoperation after MVD will be decreased and decision of failure will be delayed if the surgeon can confirm intraoperative resolution of the LSR and severe indentation
Learning Objectives: By the conclusion of this session, participants should be able to : 1)Descirbe the importance of intraoperative resolution of the LSR and severe indentation, 2) delay reoperation until 3 years after MVD.
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